The beginning of 2023 provides new releases of various Linux distributions, but we should not forget about the still active, maybe already obsolete 32-bit hardware architecture (i686). Many open-source projects still actively develop this architecture, unfortunately its twilight is in sight. My list provides information about Linux-related projects that still support 32-bit systems.
The list of Linux distributions is arranged alphabetically, without assigning points and stars, it can be done by each of you.
Alpine Linux is a standalone Linux distribution designed to support routers, VoIP gateways, and firewalls. It is designed to work in embedded devices. The system was built with an emphasis on security and includes patches for the Linux kernel: PaX and grsecurity. In addition, packages are compiled with protection against buffer overflows.
ALT Linux is a GNU/Linux distribution launched in 2001 based on Mandrake Linux packages. ALT Linux offers a set of several versions of the system with different applications, which are addressed to different recipients.
antiX is a Live distribution designed for older computers. The system’s default desktop is IceWM. AntiX is designed to provide a lightweight but fully functional operating system.
Arch Linux 32
You’ve reached the website for Arch Linux 32, the community continuation maintained of 32-bit support for Arch Linux, a lightweight and flexible Linux® distribution that tries to Keep It Simple. Currently we have official packages optimized for the i686 and pentium4 architectures. Also most(ly) non-graphical packages are available for i486, too. Have a look at the required cpu flags to decide which architecture is the right one for you. Most packages from Arch Linux’s community-operated package repository are also compatible with Arch Linux 32.
ArchBang is a live distribution built on top of Arch Linux. The system uses the lightweight Openbox window manager and is a rolling release just like its predecessor. This means that it does not require reinstalling to a newer version – just perform regular updates of all packages.
BG-Rescue Linux is a very small standalone Linux distribution that is mainly for rescue purposes. BG-Rescue Linux is a Busybox and uClibc based rescue system with a Linux kernel. Supports full read/write support for NTFS using ntfs-3g.
BlueStar Linux is a Linux distribution built on Arch Linux packages. BlueStar Linux is available for 32 and 64 bit machines and offers 3 different configuration options: base, common and full.
BunsenLabs Linux is a Linux distribution based on Debian from the stable branch. The system is a social fork of the no longer developed Crunchbang. BunsenLabs Linux uses the lightweight Openbox window manager, and offers a set of pre-installed basic applications.
ClearOS (formerly ClarkConnect) is a Linux distribution based on CentOS and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It is intended for use in small and medium-sized companies as a gateway to the network and a server equipped with a web interface.
Clonezilla is a specialized live Linux distribution that allows you to back up the entire system or individual directories and restore them.
Crunchbang Plus Plus (or CBPP or #!++) is a Linux distribution based on the stable version of Debian GNU/Linux and inspired by and continuing the idea of the discontinued Crunchbang.
Daphile is a minimalist Linux distribution based on Gentoo Linux that provides a music player for computers without the need for a hard drive.
Debian is one of the oldest Linux distributions valued for its stability, excellent package management system that automatically resolves dependency issues, and security. Contrary to popular belief, Debian is not a particularly difficult system to install and manage, and with a little commitment it will reciprocate with trouble-free operation for a very long time.
Devuan is a fork of the Debian GNU/Linux distribution, founded in October 2014. The main intention of the project is to provide a Linux distribution without the ‘systemd’ init system installed by default.
Elive is a live distribution based on a stable version of Debian. The system’s default desktop is Enlightenment.
Emmabuntüs is a desktop Linux distribution based on Xubuntu and Debian. The developers’ aspiration was to create a user-friendly system, taking into account its lightness and low demand for computing power of even an older computer.
Escuelas (Spanish for Schools) Linux is an educational distribution designed to implement Free Software from kindergarten to high school. The live system is based on Bodhi Linux and is offered for 32- and 64-bit PC users, separately in Spanish and English.
Wpis dostępny również w języku polskim: https://linuxiarze.pl/2023-dystrybucje-linux-x86-1/